Sulton Umarovich Umarov

(1908-1964)

          The first scientific researches in the field of physics in the system of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan are connected with the organization of the Department of Physics and Mathematics in 1957 by the initiative of the president of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic and the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic Sulton Umarovich Umarov. At the same time intensive and purposeful education of scientists in the area of physics starts - many young experts who were attracted to the novel world of searches and discoveries and thirst of knowledge, have been sent to the leading scientific centers of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, academies of sciences of Belarus, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan and other sister republics.

        The first scientific - research works of Department of Physics and Mathematics have been devoted to the study of complex physical, physical and chemical and structural properties of binary and complex semi-conductor compounds, interactions of negative ions with a surface of metals, development of the methods of increase of sensitivity of the spectral emission analysis, some problems of nuclear physics. Since June, 1st, 1964 on the basis of operating laboratories of the Department of Physics and Mathematics, which were involved to the solution of the above mentioned problems of physical science, the Physical-Technical Institute was organized. This institute by right carries the name of the organizer - academician S.U.Umarov, - the person of exclusive natural talents. Physicists, with great pride and gratitude today remember the name of this remarkable man and encyclopedic erudite talented scientist, one of the first Central Asian theoretical physicists, a distinguished scholar and statesman.

        It was under the supervision of academician S. U. Umarov the following laboratories were created in the Department of Physics and Mathematics: Laboratory of Nuclear Physics, Laboratory of Semiconductor Physics, Laboratory of Strength Physics and Laboratory of Optics and Spectroscopy, which formed the backbone of still developing Physical-Technical Institute; at the same time the priority areas for the development of physical science in Tajikistan were identified. Under the dry lines of the extract from the minutes of the meeting of the State Committee for the Coordination of research works of the Soviet Union from April 11, 1964 № 27 “On improving the network of scientific institutions of the Academy of Sciences of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic”, in which it is said “to accept the proposal of the Council of Ministers of the Tajik SSR and the Presidium of the Academy Sciences of the USSR on the organization in the Academy of Sciences of the Tajik SSR: - Physical-Technical Institute, on the basis on the Department of Physics and Mathematics”, one can feel a tremendous energy of academician S. U. Umarov and his gift to persuade the high court, despite a lack of personnel, inadequate material and technical equipment of laboratories, the necessity to create new institutions at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

       The Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan and the Council of Ministers of the Tajik SSR on May 29, 1964 № 228 noted: "Taking into account the great achievements of Academician S.U. Umarov in the development of science and physics research in the country and in order to perpetuate his memory, to award the Physical-Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Tajik SSR by the name of Academician S.U. Umarov and in the future to call it: "Physical-Technical Institute named after Academician S. U. Umarov of the Academy of Sciences of the Tajik SSR. ".