Academician A.A.Adhamov

       At the root formation and development of physical science in the Republic of Tajikistan were Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Tajik SSR, Academician Akobir Adhamovich Adhamov - the first director of the Institute, who led the Physical-Technical Institute until 1992, and Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Professor Latif Sharifovich Khojayev and Professor Bahrullo Narzullaev, PhD (Candidate of Sciences) in Physics and Mathematics, N.M. Hashimov.

        Under the direct supervision of A.A. Adhamov the main areas of research developed at the Institute were identified and formed. Academician A.A. Adhamov organized and chaired the Department of Theoretical Physics and Laboratory of Physical Acoustics. Under his leadership the Laboratory of Dielectric Materials, Quantum Electronics, Cryogenic Technology, Solar Technology Lab have been organized. He was a head of research projects in theoretical physics, physical acoustics and the physics of ferroelectric materials.

       Academician A. Adhamov was a high-level specialist in the field of theoretical physics, the main directions of his studies were in the field of molecular-kinetic theory of gases and liquids, molecular acoustics and the theory of phase transitions. He developed the kinetic theory of non-equilibrium processes in fluids, including the propagation of ultrasonic waves in liquids, the molecular theory of the viscoelastic properties of liquids, theory of resonance absorption of ultrasound in condensed matter, he proposed a kinetic theory of processes and fluctuation phenomena in fluids near the critical point, he studied the features of thermophysical, dynamic and optical properties of defective crystals. This fundamental research works in the fields of statistical theory of condensed matter and molecular acoustics became the basis for the development of several areas of theoretical research in the school of theorists, which was established by him. To the galaxy of talented theoretical physicists of the school of Academician A.A. Adhamov Academician S. O. Odinaev, Professor M.I. Salakhutdinov, Professor T. Salikhov, Professor A. Asoev, Professor V.I. Lebedev, Professor A.Ashurov, Associate Professor PhD A. Abdurasulov, PhD H. Nasrulloev and several other scientists belong, who, in turn, contribute to the development of science in the country.

        Academician A. Adhamov was one of the major organizers of science in Tajikistan. Under his leadership, the S.U.Umarov Physical-Technical Institute became a great center for fundamental physics research, equipped with modern instruments and equipment, conducting integrated physical studies on various aspects of modern physics and technology. Under his leadership the Institute conducted extensive work on the introduction of scientific and technical ideas in the national economy and has become a training center for skilled professionals for various industries in Tajikistan.